St Vincent is situated in the Windward Islands, with a chain of islands known as the Grenadines located between St Vincent and Grenada. The total land area is 389 km² (150 mi²) with St. Vincent covering 344 km². The larger Grenadine islands are Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Mayreau and Union. St. Vincent is volcanic and mountainous with the highest peak – Soufriere – rising to approximately 1,219 m (4,000 ft). The average annual rainfall ranges from 1,524 mm to 3,810 mm (60 to 150 in). The economy of St Vincent and the Grenadines is based largely on agriculture, which contributed 10% of the Gross Domestic Product in 2009 and 26% of the labour force. Banana is still the main crop although its importance has declined significantly, and there has been an increase in the cultivation of root crops such as cassava, eddoe, dasheen yam and sweet potato. The Government has been implementing a series of structural reforms to promote greater investment in the agricultural sector through restructuring of the banana industry and agricultural diversification, with a series of fiscal incentives and farm support services. Other key agricultural products are: coconuts, arrowroot starch, spices, as well as small numbers of cattle, sheep, pigs and goats. Fish, plantains, pineapples, and peppers are also growing in importance. For the medium term it is expected that overall, the agricultural sector will show an increased contribution to GDP and foreign exchange earnings; however, the sector remains vulnerable to adverse weather conditions and suffered some losses as a result of Hurricane Tomas in 2010. There is also a growing service sector which includes tourism, telemarketing and offshore financial services. Infrastructure projects, including the construction of a new airport to be ready in 2011, also contributed to the economy.
CARDI St. Vincent & the Grenadines Overview
The main focus of CARDI St. Vincent and the Grenadines is on roots and tubers, with emphasis on the development of the sweet potato and cassava industries. CARDI St. Vincent and the Grenadines is also the Institute’s pioneer centre for undercover / protected agriculture systems development for vegetable production. In order to support the Government’s agricultural diversification programme, the Unit undertakes research and development activities for the production of hot peppers.
Work Programme for the Medium Term 2008-2010
Commodity development – Crops
- Develop and implement and transfer IPM strategies for management of sweet potato grub (Phyllophaga spp.)
- Evaluate pink/maroon skin white flesh varieties for local consumption and export
- Upgrade production guide
- Evaluate and select high yielding disease resistant varieties introduced from CIAT for processing into value added products
- Develop and extend planting material production systems for cassava
- Evaluate production systems for commonly grown vegetables
- Evaluate vegetable varieties for yield and acceptability
- Evaluate banana productivity under fertigation
Country Highlight Reports
For highlights of work by the CARDI office in St Vincent and the Grenadines, Click here
CARDI St Vincent & the Grenadines
PO Box 594
St Vincent & the Grenadines.
Phone: (784) 457-1535
Fax: (784) 456-2420
Partners and Collaborators
- Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, St Vincent and the Grenadines:
- Eastern Caribbean Trading, Agriculture and Development Organisation (ECTAD): http://www.ectadsvg.org
- Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) at St. Vincent and the Grenadines: http://www.iica.int/Eng/regiones/caribe/sanvicente/